In what does hell consist ?
Hell consists in the eternal damnation of those who die in mortal sin through their own free
choice. The principal suffering of hell is eternal separation from God in whom alone we can
have the life and happiness for which we were created and for which we long. Christ
proclaimed this reality with the words, “Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire”
(Matthew 25:41) (see catechism nos 1033-1035, 1056-1057)
How can one reconcile the existence of hell with the infinite goodness of God?
God, while desiring “all come to repentance” (2 Peter 3:9), nevertheless has created the
human person to be free and responsible; and he respects our decisions. Therefore, it is the
human person who freely excludes himself from communion with God if at the moment of
death he persists in mortal sin and refuses the merciful love of God.
In what does the final judgment consist ?
The final or universal judgment consists in a sentence of happiness or eternal
condemnation, which the Lord Jesus will issue in regard to the “just and the unjust” (Acts
24:15) when he returns as the Judge of the living and the dead. After the last judgment, the
resurrected body will share in the retribution which the soul received at the particular
When will this judgment occur ?
This judgment will come at the end of the world and only God knows the day and the hour.
What is the hope of the new heavens and the new earth ?
After the final judgment the universe itself, freed from its bondage to decay, will share in the
glory of Christ with the beginning of “the new heaves” and a “new earth” (2 Peter 3:13).
Thus the fullness of the Kingdom of God will come about, that is to say, the definitive
realisation of the salvific plan of God to “unite all things in Christ, things in heaven
and things on earth” (Ephesians 1:10). God will then be “all in all” (1 Corinthians
15:18) in eternal life.
What is the meaning of the word “Amen” with which we conclude our profession of
The Hebrew word “Amen”, which also concludes the last book of Sacred Scripture, some of
the prayers of the New Testament, and the liturgical prayers of the Church, expresses our
confident and total “yes” to what we professed in the Creed, entrusting ourselves
completely to him who is the definitive “Amen” (Revelation 3:14), Christ the Lord.
The Sacramental Economy
What is the liturgy ?
The liturgy is the celebration of the mystery of Christ and in particular his paschal
mystery. Through the exercise of the priestly office of Jesus Christ the liturgy
manifests in signs and brings about the sanctification of humankind. The public
worship which is due to God is offered by the Mystical Body of Christ, that is, by its
head and by its members.